Profesoriaus Upender Rao vieša paskaita

Profesorius Indija 99702018 m. balandžio 12 d. (ketvirtadienis) 13.00 val. kviečiame dalyvauti profesoriaus Upender Rao viešoje paskaitoje „Sanskrito literatūros ir jos etikos svarba šiuolaikinėje visuomenėje“. 

Paskaita vyks VU Azijos ir transkultūrinių studijų instituto Hindi k. kabinete.

The importance of Sanskrit literature and it’s ethics in present society

Sanskrit language is the store house of the great knowledge. Its literature is neglected in present times. But the literature of Sanskrit carries the world’s most valuable ethics and morality. Sanskrit language possesses universal ethics. Not only ethics, but it also possesses the enormous scientific literature. Sanskrit literature is known for its great poems and world famous dramas such as ‘Abhijnana Shakumtalam’ of great poet Kalidasa, who is famous for his best poetry and similes.

In Upanishad-texts, which were composed in Sanskrit in very ancient period one can find the serious discussion about the ultimate knowledge of ancient Indian sages. Besides, we have six systems of Indian philosophy and the great epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. The ancient medical system of ‘Ayurveda’, which was composed in Sanskrit, is a complete health system through holistic approach. It concentrates on all levels of body, mind, soul, living conditions and environment. Kautilya’s Arthashastra is one more renowned treatise of Sanskrit. We had well developed surgery in Sushruta Samhita. The astronomical observations and Vedic mathematics by Aryabhatta and Varahamihira of ancient India needs to be reopened once again.

Let’s see some of the gems from Sanskrit literature. In a text named ‘Nitisara’ (the essence of maxims) it is said on right conduct that- “Man is bound to experience the fruits of his good and bad actions. The karma does not diminish even after billions of days of Brahma unless one experiences fruits of karma”. And the same text says- One cannot earn or retain wealth without undergoing suffering. There is suffering in earning wealth as well as in spending it. Is not wealth the home of suffering? Thus the ethics of Sanskrit are very important in present day.

Prof. C. Upender Rao, School of Sanskrit and Indic Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi,