Mongolian Buddhism: between continuity and change of tradition

Demchig copyAn anthropologist Dr. Lhagvademchig Jadamba, from the National University of Mongolia (Ulan Bator), will be visiting the Institute of Asian and Transcultural Studies at Vilnius University (VU ATSI). As an Erasmus+ visiting lecturer, Dr. Lhagvademchig will be giving two lectures on Mongolian Buddhism from anthropological and historical perspectives. Dr. Lhagvademchig has received PhD in socio-cultural anthropology from the University of Shiga Prefecture (Japan), he has also studied Buddhism at the Central University of Tibetan Studies, Sarnath (Varanasi, India) and Hong Kong.

Lecture topics:

1 April 2019
Tibetan Buddhism or Mongolian Buddhism? History and Identity Politics of Mongolian Buddhism
(Filosofijos fakultetas, 201 aud., 17.00-19.00)

Is Buddhism in Mongolia an outgrowth of Tibetan Buddhism or could it be termed as a unique Mongolian Buddhism? Contemporary Mongolian Buddhists prefer to say it is a Mongolian Buddhism. During the socialist period of the Mongolian People’s Republic it is officially documented as Buddhism of the Mongolian People’s Republic. In this lecture, Dr. Lhagvademchig will discuss why the Mongols dissociate Buddhism in Mongolia from Tibetan Buddhism in socialist and post-socialist period within the context of identity politics and historical narration.

3 April 2019
Abbot or Reincarnated Lama? Post-socialist Dilemma in Mongolian Buddhist Institution
(Filosofijos fakultetas, 201 aud., 17.00-19.00)

During the socialist period, the Mongolian People’s Republic abolished the system of reincarnated lamas. The highest reincarnated lama in pre-socialist period was the Eighth Bogd Jebtsundamba Khutugtu (1870-1924), the first and the last temporal and religious leader of Mongolia. In the place of his religious leadership, the socialist government installed an abbot of Gandantegchenling Buddhist monastery as a head of Mongolian Buddhism.

Yet, after the collapse of socialism in Mongolia in 1990, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama officially recognized the reincarnation of the Eighth Bogd Jebtsundamba Khutugtu in 1991, whose reincarnation was banned to search by the socialist government in 1929.

Interestingly, few days before the Dalai Lama’s announcement, Mongolian monastics elected the abbot of Gandantegchenling monastery as the head of Mongolian Buddhism. Thus, a question of who is the leader of Mongolian Buddhism became unavoidable. Socialist-created abbot, a Mongolian citizen in Ulaanbaatar, or pre-socialist Jebtsundamba Khutugtu, a Tibetan refugee in India? Dr. Lhagvademchig will discuss whether this question, which emerged in 1991, has been answered by 2019.

More information: Dr. Renatas Berniūnas, el. p.


 

Dr. Garalytė’s visit in India

K.Garalyte Indijoje201901

Dr. Kristina Garalytė, director of the Institute of Asian and Transcultural Studies, in January 2019 visited India and delivered public lectures on the topic of Dalit student movement in India in these academic institutions:

10 January - Jawaharlal Nehru University, School of International Relations (New Delhi)
23 January – Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Department of English (Hyderabad)
30 January – Delhi University, Department of Political Sciences (New Delhi)

During her visit K. Garalytė has consulted with Indian scholars and met the members of various student organizations.


 

International conference "Central Asia: Reforms, Repression, Radicalization"

CA int 1aAssociation of Migrants of Central Asia in partnership with Vilnius University Institute of International Relations and Political Science and Vilnius University Institute of Asian and Transcultural Studies organize international conference "Central Asia: Reforms, Repression, Radicalization".

Date: February 12th, 2019.

Venue: Vilnius University Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vokieciu str. 10 - 402, Vilnius.

Working language: English and Russian with simultaneous translation.

For more information: +370 615 37433. Conference program 


Orientalism and Post-Orientalism: a Transcultural Perspectiv

Atsklanda orientalizmas2018-12-17 at the Institute of Asian and Transcultural Studies

The days of naïve realism are definitely gone to never come back. Humanities in general were forced to recon with the deeper critical understanding of the effects that our preconceptions, biases, and naïve notions have on the studies of culture and humanity in general. When thinking of the changes that the discipline of the Middle Eastern studies has undergone in recent decades one can’t help but think of Edward Said and the effects that his studies, good or bad, have had on the discipline that has heretofore called itself Oriental studies.

The symposium invites scholars from the Arabic countries as well as local scholars to engage in what will hopefully be a fruitful dialogue on the history of orientalism as a discipline, and on the influence that Saidian critique has had and still has on the regional studies, specifically the Middle Easter and other non-Western regions.

Read more: Orientalism and Post-Orientalism: a Transcultural Perspectiv

Public lecture “The Use of Heritage in the Arabic Novel“

Atsklanda arabu

13th of December 5.00 PM. We are happy to announce a public lecture “The Use of Heritage in the Arabic Novel“ by Prof. Mageb Aladwani (King Saud University). The lecture will be conducted in English at the Institute of Asian and Transcultural Studies in J. Kovalevskis auditorium (Universiteto st. 5).

The use of heritage is a tangible phenomenon in modern Arabic writing and can be described as one of its main characteristics. It is used in a number of ways in contemporary Arabic novels. Classical materials are adopted by novelists to produce new kinds of writing that are more suitable to modern life.

 


 

Public lecture “Networks of resilience: Legal Precarity and transborder citizenship among the Karen from Myanmar in Thailand“

Indre Balcaite in 1a copy13th of December 3.00 PM. We are happy to announce a public lecture “Networks of resilience: Legal Precarity and transborder citizenship among the Karen from Myanmar in Thailand“ by dr. Indrė Balčaitė. The lecture will be conducted in Lithuanian language at the Institute of Asian and Transcultural Studies in J. Kovalevskis auditorium (Universiteto st. 5).

The paper probes the relationship between legal precarity and transborder citizenship through the case of the Karen from Myanmar (Burma) in Thailand. Collected during ethnographic fieldwork between 2012 and 2016, interconnected individual life stories evolving across the Myanmar-Thailand border allow us to critically interrogate the political and legal categories of ‘migrancy’, ‘refugeeness’ and ‘citizenship’. In migrants’ experience, these notions blur into each other. The study demonstrates that legal precarity is not simply an antithesis to citizenship. Following Audrey Macklin’s (2007) critical legal anthropology, the paper will suggest a theoretical framework to reconcile the legal precarity of the Karen in Thailand (even de facto statelessness) and citizenship, even on both sides of the border – legally impossible but quite popular in the Myanmar-Thailand borderland. Although the legal situation of the three Karen groups in Thailand differs but a grassroots approach reveals that the Thai Karen, Karen refugees and economic migrants from Myanmar overlap and intertwine. The Karen social networks help them to achieve a degree of resilience and to improve their legal status over time, even by attaining citizenship despite its strict legal regulation.

Read more: Public lecture “Networks of resilience: Legal Precarity and transborder citizenship among the...

Roundtable discussion “Whose “culture”? Which “identity”?”

Apskrito stalo diskusija int

During this roundtable discussion-seminar keynote speaker dr. Vytis Silius (VU) will present the approaches of the transcultural researches, its historical development and the shape they have today. Possible transcultural approaches for the transcultural research project “Between free will and determinism” will also be discussed. Other presenters of the discussion: prof. Rita Žukauskienė (MRU), assoc. prof. dr. Valdas Jaskūnas (VU), dr. Indrė Balčaitė (independent researcher).

Moderator of the discussion: prof. (HP) dr. Audius Beinorius. 

Date and Time: 12th of December 2018, 3.00 – 6.00 PM.

Place: Vilnius University Institute of Asian and Transcultural studies, auditorium of Hindi language.


 

Sanskrit and Lithuanian: On Linguistic and Religious Affinities

Beinorius TU 26734 copyTartu Ülikooli orientalistikakeskus kutsub /
University of Tartu Centre for Oriental Studies invites:

Avalikud loengud / Public lectures

Professor Audrius Beinorius 
(Vilnius University, University of Tartu ASTRA visiting professor 2018)

Abstract of the lecture

From the very inception of comparative Indo-European linguistics in the beginning of the 19th century, the Lithuanian language was studied intensely by the most eminent specialists. When the similarity between Lithuanian and Sanskrit was discovered, Lithuanians highlight this affinity as one of significative signs of Lithuanian cultural identity and have taken a particular pride in their mother tongue as the oldest living Indo-European language.

Read more: Sanskrit and Lithuanian: On Linguistic and Religious Affinities

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